Symptoms of STDs (Sexually transmitted diseases) are commonly found in men and women who are having unprotected sex and who have more than one sexual partner. There are different varieties of this infectious disease and some of them will spread just by intimate contact with the person having the disease. The viruses and bacteria that may cause the disease can enter the body of the healthy person through tears or cuts in the skin, mouth, genitals and anus. Most of the people who are having the disease will not show any symptoms of STDs, women especially do not get the symptoms of STDs until they develop complications. However, even the person without any symptom can pass the infection to their sexual partners.
Need to Treat the Symptoms of STDs
It is easier to prevent the sexually transmitted diseases than treat them. The best method to prevent the chances of developing the symptoms of STDs is by using condoms during the sexual act. However, no method is 100 % effective in preventing the disease. One has to watch out for the common symptoms of STDs to treat the disease on time and to prevent further complications. If untreated the disease can lead to more severe STDs such as HIV and in some people the disease leads to infertility. Some of the important STDs and the common symptoms of the infections are discussed below.
The symptoms of STDs vary to a certain extent depending on the type of infection the person has. The most common STDs are:
- Gonorrhea – This is a bacterial infection affecting men and women with bloody discharge from the vagina or penis.
- Chlamydia- This infection affects the genital tract causing painful urination, discharge from the penis and vagina and pain while having sex.
- Trichomoniasis– This is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas and affects the urinary tract in men and vagina in women. It is characterized by painful urination, vaginal odor and colored discharge, itching of the penis and vagina.
- HIV– Infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus interferes with the ability of the body to fight diseases, resulting various types of infections which can be life threatening.
- Syphilis– Syphilis affects the skin, mucous membranes and genitals and is characterized by small sores which are painless on different parts of the body including tongue and lips. Get checked with a simple fta-abs test.
- Hepatitis B- This disease is caused by virus infection and causes the liver to enlarge. Yellowing of the skin and eyes and dark urine are the common symptoms.
- Genital Herpes– It is caused by the herpes simplex virus and most people do not show any symptoms of STDs when they are having this infection. It can be identified with red bumps or blisters along with pain or itching in the genital areas.
- Genital Warts-This disease is caused by a human Papilloma virus and is the most common STD. The warts will be cauliflower shaped and may appear as single or in clusters near the genital area.
The Common Symptoms of STDs
A person should consult a doctor if any of the following symptoms of STDs are seen. It is necessary to avoid having sex until you consult the doctor. STDs are highly contagious and hence require medical help as early as possible. The common symptoms of STDs are listed below:
- Itching and irritation in the genital areas and/or anal area
- Discharge of any type from penis, vagina or anus. The discharge may be colored white, green, yellow or gray
- Discharges with a strong odor and/or blood streaked
- Any type of sores, blisters, rash, bumps, lumps or warts near genitals, anus or in and around mouth
- Swollen and painful lymph glands in the groin area.
- Burning sensation or pain while urination.
- Pain in the groin or lower part of abdomen
- Pain and bleeding from the vagina
- Symptoms similar to the Flu with fever, chills and body ache
- Pain in penis or vagina during intercourse
- Swelling or pain in testicles
- Bleeding from vagina even after the monthly period
- Loose stools, night sweats and weight loss
If you fear that you have exposed to sexually transmitted infections or if you have any of the above symptoms of STDs get tested for sexually transmitted diseases. This will prevent the chances of spreading the disease to others. Even If you do not have any symptoms of STDs after exposure to a person with an STD, it is important that you make sure through proper medical tests that you are not carrying the disease.
Note: This Page was last updated on Monday 25th of March 2019